“What holds us together as a society?” This question was asked at La Valca, a consulting firm specializing in the analysis of the behavior of society, which, with the support of the UC Faculty of Mathematics of its Department of Statistics, transferred 100,000 Chilean citizens in the days before the exit referendum from the constituent process.
The study was conducted in August 2022 on 1,024 people who, according to the pollsters, “represent the national reality well” and included men and women over 18 years of age belonging to ABC1, C2, C3 and DE socioeconomic groups. . Groups, from Santiago and regions, with coverage of 196 districts nationwide.
Thus, those consulted were asked to define themselves between two positions: Can most people be trusted or should they be cared for? 81% chose the second answer And in the same dynamic, 75% believe “most people try to take advantage of you”, as opposed to the minority who believe that “the majority treat each other fairly”. From La Valca he analyzes that today there is “a great distrust of people in general”.
“This is a phenomenon that has been happening in Chile since 2000. It is related to the way Chile has established a model of relations, There is a feeling that things don’t happen, they don’t suffer. These sensations begin to be established by small everyday things”, says Doctor of Sociology Carlos Livacic, who adds that this is because “There is a feeling that the law is made, but it is not followed“
This is exemplified by cases in Chile where people who return money that is not theirs are called “naïves” or bicycles cannot be left on the street. Even with the convention process: “The component entered with a wonderful approval, but look how they ended up in the evaluation; They ended up doing the very things they said they came to change“
La Valca asked people which officers engendered the most trust. there, Mayer leads with 34% (medium and high confidence, on a 4-point scale), The president reaches 29%, Govt 25% and Congress 17%. Here, the study’s authors point out, the high level of response is surprising “There is no faith”, with 48% for Lok Sabha and 45% for President.
In this sense, the sociologist Livasik thinks that this mistrust occurs in politics in general.Because there are concrete facts that show that they have become a casteIt sets the agenda, that there are a lot of things to change and they didn’t want to”.
Youth politics is also responsible: “Minister Jackson claimed that the old policy and He was the first person to inaugurate musical chairs. They enter politics and drown. For this reason, he says, “unbelief is the sum of all the preceding elements”.
Another section of the study showed confidence in the system. “How confident are we that, if we work hard and take initiative, we can strengthen our socio-economic situation? Does the system work?“, questions were asked.
There, 53% believe that “Most people are rich because their family inherited money or they have influence and connections“, when asked how many people agreed that “most rich people are rich because they took initiative or worked hard”, only 35% agreed with that statement. Additionally, respondents were asked whether they were poor people. So how likely is it to escape from poverty and Only 22% answered likely or very likely.
In that order of things, the third area of questions points to the best society that Chile can point to between the two options, 66% believe it “allows everyone to progress, even if it creates inequality”.While 34% believe it is “the most egalitarian, even if it shuts down the most competent”.
Within these questions, 61% believe that “criminals should not have the same rights as honest people”.While another 39% believe that “people’s rights should be respected in all circumstances”.
Finally, regarding the assessment of state and democracy, 63% declare that “the people who run the country don’t care what happens to people like you”.51% believe that “most people in authority only try to take advantage of people like me” and 52% believe that “authorities will do nothing if there is a serious problem in my neighborhood or neighborhood”.
“In these times of change, There are very low levels of general trust, a vision of society that tends to privilege the individual over the collective, and a weak and distant link to the state and authority.. This tells us about a society that, in addition to health and economic crises, faces a lack of solidarity”, he analyzes from La Valca. He says, “Social cohesion is essential to generate and sustain economic growth in an environment of social peace and shared values. But if we are in a time of change, it is also true that generational differences point us toward a future where a more united vision of our society, more supportive and egalitarian, is possible.”